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Rome's history spans more than two and half thousand years, since it's founding in 753B.C.with the union of rural villages. It was the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, which was the dominant power in Western Europe and the lands bordering the Mediterranean for over seven hundred years from the 1st century B.C., until the 7th century A.D. and the city is regarded as one of the birthplace of western civilization. Since the 1st century A.D. Rome has been the seat of the Papacy and after the end of Byzantine domination, in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic. 

The city located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula on the Tiber River.The monuments of Rome are surrounded by virtual circle of about 5km. its historic city centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


Fontana di Trevi
The baroque fountain was completed in 1762 by Nicola Salvi.  A previous undertaking to build the fountain after a design by Bernini was halted a century earlier after the death of Pope Urban Vlll.  Salvi based his theatrical masterpiece on this design.
The central figure of the fountain in front of a large niche is Neptune, god of the sea. He is riding a chariot in the shape of a shell, pulled by two sea horses. Each sea horse is guided by a triton. One of the horse is calm and obedient, the other one restive. They symbolize the fluctuating moods of the sea. The legend has it you will return to Rome if you throw a coin into the water.
 You should toss it over your shoulder with your back to the fountain.



Pantheon     info
Piazza Rotonda
Open:9:00-19:30 / 9:00-18:00 (Sunday)/9:00-13:00(Festa)
Closed:1/Jan、1/May、25/Dec
How to reach: Metro Line A Barberini and 700m on foot 
                        Bus no.30.40.62.64.81.87.492

Pantheon is a Roman Temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome. As the brick stamps on the side of the building reveal it was built and dedicated between A.D.118 and 125. The emperor Hadrian (A.D. 117-138) built the Pantheon to replace Augustus's friend and commander Marcus Agrippa's Pantheon of 27 B.C. which burnt to the ground in 80 A.D.  When approaching the front of the Pantheon one can see the inscription above still reads in Latin the original dedication by Marcus Agrippa. The Pantheon exists today in such amazing form because the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave it to Pope Boniface Vlll in A.D. 608 and it was used as a church ever since. The Pantheon has been in use since the time it was built.


Probably one of the most fascinating features of the Pantheon is the Architecture.
The dome itselfs is supported by a series of arches that run horizontally round. Romans had perfected the use of arches which helped sustain the weight of their magnanimous buildings. The Italian kings Vittorio Emanuele ll and Umbertol as well as the famous Renaissance painter Raphael and his fiancee are buried in the Pantheon.



Colosseum     info
The colosseum construction started in 72 AD and was completed in 80 AD. Capable of seating 50,000 spectators , the colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era.
Open time winter
8:30-16:30 (1/Nov‐31/Dec,2/Jan-15/Feb)
8:30-17:00 (16/Feb‐15/Mar)
8:30-17:30(16/Mar‐31/Mar)
Open time Summer 
8:30-19:15 (1/Apr‐31/Aug)
8:30-19:00 (1/Sep‐30/Sep)
8:30-18:30 (1/Oct‐31/Oct)   



Mouth of Truth (Bocca della Verità)
A circular marble scluptre of a large face with an open mouth, which was in all likelihood used as drain cover,owes its allure to the superstition according to which the "Bocca della Verità" bites off the hand of anyone not telling the truth. Today it is to be found in the portico of the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin and is of Rome's major attractions,each year drawind thousands of visitors.

Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin

Open: 9:30-17:30
Piazza della Bocca della Verità 18
To Reach: Bus 44.83.160.170.716.781
Bus stop: Bocca della Verità


   


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Valid 3days
 36 euro
- 2 Museums
- Metro,buses and Tram
- Discounts and reduced price ticketing for events,exhibitions and tourist services

Valid 2 days
28 euro
- 1 museum
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- Discounts and reduced price ticketing for events,exhibitions and tourist services

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