What's to see in Rome? [Rome travel guide - CiaoRome.com!]

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What's to See in Rome ?
Rome is not built one day, here there are 3.000 years of history. What to see in Rome?

There areSt.Peter's Basilica, Vatican Museums, Trevi Fountain, Pantheon...many others.
Here are some lists of monuments to see.

Organize your visit to make an unforgettable holiday!
Basilica di S.Pietro  【 St Peter's Basilica】

The original Basilica of S.peter, a building of a similar size to the one today, was erected in around 320 A.D. by Constantine, the first Christian Emperor where tradition has it that the apostle Peter was buried.

Over the centuries and under many different Popes, the greatest Renaissance artists all contributed to making it what it is today: Bramante, Raffaello and Antonio da Sangallo.

St.Peter's Basilica is however considered to be Michelangelo's masterpiece, because he conceived the majestic cupola and its surprising harmony and size.  Its internal diameter reaches 43 m and raises the height of the basilica, from the base to the top of the lantern to over 130m.

The interior of the church contains a wealth of mosaics and sculptures, the work of the most famous Italian masers, from Raffaello to Canova.

The central nave is dominated by the imposing Baroque baldachin in bronze and precious marble by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, who also created the magnificent pulpit above the central altar.

The first chapel to the right as you come in is home to one of Michelangelo's most famous and admired pieces of work, the Pietà. The master carved the group at the age of just over 20 years.

Address: Piazza San Pietro
Basilica open hour:
7.00-18.30 ( 1/Oct-31/Mar) , 7.00-19.00 ( 1/ Apr-30/ Sep)
Cupola open hour: 8.00-17.00 ( 1/Oct-31/Mar) , 8.00-18.00 ( 1/ Apr-30/ Sep)
Admission: €10 (Lift + 320 steps) , € 8 ( 551 steps )

Musei Vaticani   【Vatican Museums】

Musei Vaticani is one of the most important art collections in the world.
The first part of the museum dates back to 1500, when Julius II, collected some masterpieces from classical sculpture in the Belvedere Courtyard. Over the course of the 16th century and the following centuries, the Vatican collection grew so extensively that from 1700 it was ordered into sections.

Among the countless pieces conserved here, the frescoes in the so-called "Stanze di Raffaello" and
"Capella Sistina" deserve particular attention, they are extraordinary examples of
the Italian Renaissance, the work of Raffaello Sanzio and Micherangelo Buonarroti.

Address:Viale Vaticano
Open hour:
Mon-Sat  9.00-18.00 ( last entrance 16.00) Closed: Sundays
€ 17 ( Tickets online €17 + € 4 reservation fee on the official website )
Free admission: Last Sunday of month ) 9.00-14.00 ( last entrance 12.30)
Castel Sant'Angelo

Castel Sant'Angelo was built in 134 at the command of Emperor Hadrian where the residential area was in ancient times-to his tomb, the so called Hadrian's Mole. Following the fall of the Roma Empire, the tomb was traansformed into a fortress due to its proximity to the papal seat and its elevated position over the city. For centuries, Castel Sant'Angelo maintained its defensive role: a fortified passageway, known as the passetto, leads from one of its bastions directly to the Vatican buildings. In case of a siege, the pope could quickly reach the castle stronghold which was considered impenetrable. For many centuries it was also a dark prison. Now it is museum.

Address: Lungotevere Castello 50
Open hour:
9.00-19.30 Closed: 25/Dec, 1/Jan
€ 14
Piazza Navona

Address: Piazza Navona

This splendid oval-shaped square corresponds with the area of the Stadium of Domitian below and is 240 m long and 65m wide. In the middle of the square is the spectacular Fountain of the Four Rivers
 ( Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi)
commissioned by the Pope to Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The piece represents the dominion of the church over the four known continents at the time , depicted as majestically carved rivers(the Nile, the Ganges, the Danube and the Rìo de la Plata).


One of the monuments that most exemplifies the cultural syncretism of Rome from a pagan temple, erected by Agrippa in 37 B.C. in honor of all the gods, it was transformed over the course of the seventh century A.D. into the church of Santa Maria ad Mrtyres. The cylindrical building is covered by a hemispherical cupola made of cement paste which is still the largest in the world and is decorated internally with ceiling coffers in decreasing size witch serve to lighten the structure. Thanks to the thickness of the walls, which decreases gradually going upwards, the self-supporting cupola is extraordinarily  stable and is considered a real architectural masterpiece that would be hard to reproduce.  A visit inside is truly emotional, the light filtered the oculus, 9m in diameter, which opens at the summit of the cupola, illumining the enormous central hall where the kings of Italy are buried along with the most popular painter of the renaissance, Raffaello Sanzio.

Address: Piazza della Rotonda
Open hour:
Daily  9.00 - 19.30 / Sunday 9.00-18.00 / Holiday 9.00-13.00      Closed: 25/Dec, 1/ Jan
Access: Bus 30. 40. 62. 64. 81. 87. 492

Fontana di Trevi

Address: Piazza di Trevi

Trevi Fountain is the biggest and most famous Roma Fountain, built between 1732 and 1762
by Nicolalvi, the exuberant setting was inspired by the theme of the Ocean kingdom.

Piazza di Spagna

Piazza pagna is one of the most famous square in Rome. The name of the square derives from the seat of the Spanish Embassy in the Pontifical State and after 1870.

Around the Spanish steps is located Via dei Condotti is the street for Italian Huge Couture, while in past centuries it was the meeting point for foreign artists living in Rome, who used to meet at the suggestive Caffè Greco: Goethe, Byron and Wagner were all clients of this cafè which opened in 1760.

Also don't forget to visit : Via Frattina, Via Borgognona, Via delle Carrozze,Via Vittoria and Via della Vite are streets rich in history and at the same time symbolic of glamour and elegance.

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